What are Passivhaus Windows and why are they used?

What are Passivhaus windows? Passivhaus can refer to any glazed product. This includes casement windows, doors, screens, curtain walling and sliding doors.

Passivhaus Windows address the fact that all glazed windows or doors in a building lose and gain heat than other parts of a property. If a building is well insulated elsewhere, windows can be a significant source of heat loss.

The international Passivhaus Standard helps create highly insulated buildings that are very energy efficient and contribute to low energy usage. At the same time the Passivhaus Standard ensures buildings are also comfortable to live in, with clean and healthy internal environments. Windows and doors form part of these modern buildings.

How are Passivhaus Windows so energy efficient?

grey passivhaus windows
Passivhaus windows provide enhanced levels of comfort, energy efficiency and performance in the home.

Anyone looking at new windows for their home will have some set criteria.

  • Security.
  • Weather performance.
  • Energy Efficiency.
  • Appearance.
  • Light transmission.

Windows are affected by light transmission, heat loss and solar gain. It is the specification of Passivhaus windows that looks to address these natural factors around any glazed element in a building. Ideally a window will let in lots of natural light but prevent heat loss and allow the right amount of sun as well.

How is a Passivhaus window Rated?

Solar gain is referred to as the g-value, compared to the heat loss, referred to as the U-Value. Therefore in arriving at a comfortable and energy-efficient Passivhaus Windows a balance is sought between the U-Value (heat loss) and g-value (heat gain).

For normal windows and doors, heat loss is one of the key factors around U-Values and Window Energy Ratings. A Passivhaus window looks at more than just heat loss through the glass and also takes into account the frame, the glass spacers and even how the window is fitted to the building structure.

What glass is used in a Passivhaus Window?

Most standard window and doors really on a glass centre pane U-Value of 1.2Wm2K. Passivhaus window go lower with a typical glass U-value of 0.7 W/(m2.K).

In most cases Passivhaus window feature triple glazing, Krypton or Argon gas, a Low-Emissivity coating and warm edge spacer bars.

Aluminium frames in Passivhaus Windows.

To certify a Passivhaus Window, the spacer bar used in the double glazed unit is actually calculated as part of the window frame instead of part of the glass. Aluminium window frames now feature the most advanced insulation as well as being narrower than before. This makes the glass the key performer in a window. Combined with the high thermal insulation, heat loss through a thermally insulated aluminium frame is now less than ever before.

Importantly, Passivhaus Windows now require a specific installation in Passivhaus suitable walls. Consideration is also given to areas of the window often ignored with normal windows. Heat loss through reveals, window cills and frame extensions must be taken into account to arrive at a certified Passivhaus Window.

What benefits do Passivhaus Windows provide?

comar passivhaus window
Comar passivhaus windows feature groundbreaking design, performance and set new standards for aluminium windows.

When taken as part of the local climate, building specification and overall project, Passivhaus windows are intended to:

  • Minimise cold draughts (for which we often place radiators below windows).
  • Keep the temperature consistent in a room.
  • Strike a balance between heat loss and solar gain.
  • Drastically reduce energy consumption of the entire dwelling.
  • Ensure a condensation-free environment, still prevalent on modern double glazing.
  • Reduce mould and sweating of window frames.
  • Have a longer lifespan than other windows in buildings.

Modern Passivhaus windows in Aluminium.

Some aluminium systems companies provide high specification frames and glass to create the super low U-Values required in a Passivhaus Specification. There are other systems companies that set out to create specific Passivhaus windows. The Comar 10 Passivhaus window is one example of a latest generation aluminium window to meet Passivhaus standards.

Contact us if you would like more information about Passivhaus windows.